The U.S. government sees ten key leading edge technologies (LETs) for the near future. A listing of these technologies along with definitions can be found below. Implementation of LETs and emerging technologies utilize Federal Enterprise Architecture and DoD IEA frameworks.
Artificial Intelligence (AI); Autonomic Computing; Big Data; Biometrics; Cloud Computing; Cybersecurity; Health Information Technology; The Internet of Things; Mobile IT; Virtual Networking
Artificial Intelligence; Autonomic Computing; Big Data; Biometrics; Cloud Computing; Cybersecurity
Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence exhibited by machines or the creation of computers and computer software that are capable of intelligent behavior. Major AI researchers and textbooks define this field as "the study and design of intelligent agents", in which an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chances of success.
Autonomic computing is a self-managing computing model named after, and patterned on, the human body's autonomic nervous system. An autonomic computing system would control the functioning of computer applications and systems without input from the user, in the same way that the autonomic nervous system regulates body systems without conscious input from the individual. The goal of autonomic computing is to create systems that run themselves, capable of high-level functioning while keeping the system's complexity invisible to the user.
Big data is an evolving term that describes any voluminous amount of structured, semi-structured and unstructured data that has the potential to be mined for information. Big data can be characterized by 3Vs: the extreme volume of data, the wide variety of types of data, and the velocity at which the data must be processed. Although big data doesn't refer to any specific quantity, the term is often used when speaking about petabytes and exabytes of data, much of which cannot be integrated easily.
Biometrics is the science and technology of measuring and statistically analyzing biological data. In information technology, biometrics usually refers to technologies for measuring and analyzing human body characteristics such as fingerprints, eye retinas and irises, voice patterns, facial patterns, and hand measurements, especially for authentication purposes.ence processes by machines, especially computer systems.
Cloud computing is a general term for anything that involves delivering hosted services over the Internet. These services are broadly divided into three categories: Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS). Cloud computing enables companies to consume computer resources as a utility -- just like electricity -- rather than having to build and maintain computing infrastructures in-house.
Cybersecurity is the body of technologies, processes and practices designed to protect networks, computers, programs and data from attack, damage or unauthorized access. In a computing context, the term security implies cybersecurity. To deal with the current environment, advisory organizations are promoting a more proactive and adaptive approach. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), for example, recently issued updated guidelines in its risk assessment framework that recommended a shift toward continuous monitoring and real-time assessments.
Health Information Technology; The Internet of Things; Mobile IT; Virtual Networking
Health Information Technology
Health Information Technology is the application of information processing involving both computer hardware and software that deals with the storage, retrieval, sharing, and use of health care information, data, and knowledge for communication and decision making. HIT "technology" can refer to material objects, such as machines, hardware or utensils, but can also encompass broader themes, including systems, methods of organization, and techniques. For HIT, technology represents computers and communications attributes that can be networked to build systems for moving health information.
The Internet of Things
The Internet of Things is a scenario in which objects, animals or people are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. IoT has evolved from the convergence of wireless technologies, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) and the Internet.
Mobile IT is the ability an information technology (IT) department has to deliver IT services to employees working on mobile devices. While the consumer world is rapidly shifting to mobile-first delivery of information, with smart phones tablets and other mobile devices rapidly becoming the vehicle for doing everything from sending and receiving mail to depositing checks, the same transition in the business world will likely take years.
Virtual Networking is a technology that facilitates the control of one or more remotely located computers or servers over the Internet. Data can be stored and retrieved, software can be run, and peripherals can be operated through a Web browser as if the distant hardware were onsite.
Virtual networking facilitates consolidation of diverse services and devices on a single hardware platform called a virtual services switch.